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QOG lunch seminar with Ward Berenschot

Research profile seminar

The QoG Institute regularly organizes seminars related to research on Quality of Government. The seminars address the theoretical and empirical problem of how political institutions of high quality can be created and maintained as well as the effects of Quality of Government on a number of policy areas, such as health, the environment, social policy, and poverty.

Speakers are invited from the international research community and experts from NGOs and other organizations to the lunch seminars. The seminars last for one hour and include a short presentation by the speaker (30-35 min) followed by a joint discussion about the topic.

If nothing else is indicated, the seminars are held in English.

Title of the seminar: How Clientelism Varies: Toward the Comparative Study of Patronage Democracies

Abstract: Clientelistic vote mobilization is a prominent electoral strategy in many of the world's democracies and electoral authoritarian regimes. Yet the comparative study of this practice, which involves exchanging personal favours for electoral support, remains underdeveloped. Addressing this challenge, I will argue in this presentation that clientelistic politics takes different forms in different countries, and that this variation matters for understanding democracy, elections and governance. I will do so by drawing on two recent research projects. First, I will present the results of a comparative study of Indonesia's patronage democracy. I combined ethnographic fieldwork and an expert survey to study variation in the intensity of clientelistic practices across Indonesia. Finding a pattern that corresponds poorly with dominant theories, I argue that the concentration of control over economic activities fosters clientelism because it stifles the public sphere and inhibits effective scrutiny and disciplining of politico-business elites. In the second part of this presentation I will present the results of a recent collaborative project that compared clientelistic vote mobilization in several countries - Mexico, Ghana, Sudan to Turkey, Indonesia, the Philippines, Caribbean and Pacific Islands states and Malaysia. Drawing on these studies, I will show that clientelism can be fruitfully compared in terms of the character of the networks that facilitate clientelistic exchange, the benefits that politicians offer in exchange for votes, and the degree to which politicians, and especially parties, control the distribution of state resources. These comparisons lead to the identification of different types of patronage democracies, notably community-centered and party-centered varieties. In presenting these findings, my main proposition is that the comparative study of clientelistic politics offers considerable analytical promise for scholars of democracy and democratization.
In the second part of this presentation I will present the results of a recent collaborative project that compared clientelistic vote mobilization in several countries - Mexico, Ghana, Sudan to Turkey, Indonesia, the Philippines, Caribbean and Pacific Islands states and Malaysia. Drawing on these studies, I will show that clientelism can be fruitfully compared in terms of the character of the networks that facilitate clientelistic exchange, the benefits that politicians offer in exchange for votes, and the degree to which politicians, and especially parties, control the distribution of state resources. These comparisons lead to the identification of different types of patronage democracies, notably community-centered and party-centered varieties. In presenting these findings, my main proposition is that the comparative study of clientelistic politics offers considerable analytical promise for scholars of democracy and democratization.

Lecturer: Ward Berenschot, researcher at KITLV, specializing in identity politics, democratization and governance in India and Indonesia. He is the author of Riot Politics: Hindu-Muslim Violence and the Indian State (Colombia University Press 2011) and Democracy for Sale: Elections, Clientelism and the State in Indonesia (Cornell University Press 2019, with E. Aspinall) as well as several articles and on ethnic violence, local governance and legal aid.

Date: 1/16/2019

Time: 12:00 PM - 1:00 PM

Categories: Social Sciences

Location: Samvetet, Sprängkullsgatan 19
Stora Skansen (B336), Sprängkullsgatan 19

Contact person: Tove Wikehult

Phone: 031 786 6356

Page Manager: Alice Johansson|Last update: 6/10/2016
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Denna text är utskriven från följande webbsida:
http://qog.pol.gu.se/e/?eventId=70136814430
Utskriftsdatum: 2019-07-22