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QoG lunch seminar with Joan-Josep Vallbé

Research profile seminar

The QoG Institute regularly organizes seminars related to research on Quality of Government. The seminars address the theoretical and empirical problem of how political institutions of high quality can be created and maintained as well as the effects of Quality of Government on a number of policy areas, such as health, the environment, social policy, and poverty.

Speakers are invited from the international research community and experts from NGOs and other organizations to the lunch seminars. The seminars last for one hour and include a short presentation by the speaker (30-35 min) followed by a joint discussion about the topic.

If nothing else is indicated, the seminars are held in English.

Title of the seminar:
Judges Without Attributes? The Political Economy of Detention of Deportable Non-Citizens

The aim of this paper is to provide an explanation of the variation in pre-removal non-citizen detention decisions by lower-court investigating judges under a civil-law system. To do so, we combine the attitudinal and strategic models of judicial behavior, arguing that given the structure of career incentives among lower-court judges, the role of policy preferences depend on the strength of such incentives. Using a natural experiment, this model allows to estimate the effect of individual-level policy preferences and career incentives on decisions regarding the detention of non-citizens before they are deported. Futhermore, it also allows for the integration of the informational cues that previous research had observed to influence such decisions. We find that policy preferences make a difference in the chances of a judge sending non-citizens to a detention center, and that this effect peaks when judges have lower incentives to comply with the official policy on detention. We also find that female judges are more sensitive to the effects of career pressure (and therefore to policy preferences) than male judges.

Lecturer: Joan-Josep Vallbé, Professor, Department of Political Science, Constitutional Law and Philosophy of Law, University of Barcelona

Date: 10/3/2018

Time: 12:00 PM - 1:00 PM

Categories: Social Sciences

Organizer: The Quality of Government Institute

Location: Stora Skansen (B336), Sprängkullsgatan 19

Contact person: Tove Wikehult

Page Manager: Alice Johansson|Last update: 6/10/2016

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